Why do employees leave when they do? A timeline of employee turnover
It’s time to get away from the “it’s you, not me” mindset.
How are you – as a leader and as a company – contributing to your employee turnover? There is plenty that employers can do proactively to reduce potential turnover, yet they prefer to blame the new hires who “weren’t the right fit” instead of looking within the organization as to what could be done better.
And before you can create actionable steps to improve retention, you first need to figure out exactly why employees are leaving your organization. And here’s a tip; WHEN they leave can offer valuable clues as to WHY they left.
Below are a few common stages when employees depart from an employer – and the reasons we’ve found as to why they make that decision.
Employee left the candidate pool
When a candidate leaves this early in the process, it usually means one or more of these things: They simply got a faster offer and wanted to start quickly. Your company’s reputation leaves something to be desired. Or, the candidate didn’t like what they saw during the interview process, be it the people they met or the actual process of interviewing.
Employee left in the first week
Being given unrealistic expectations is one of the biggest reasons why an employee would leave after just a week working for your company. Perhaps the job description didn’t match the work they were doing in their first days on the job or the job simply wasn’t what they anticipated. Another factor could be the orientation process was not welcoming.
Or – this is a huge one – new-hire training was on only one side of a spectrum. Training was either completely overwhelming, or it was nonexistent/not enough. Either way, a new employee could feel like they’re drowning early if the training they receive isn’t effective.
Employee left in the first 30 days
The results of ineffective training extend past the first week on the job. Often, employees who haven’t been trained properly make mistakes or are disciplined for not producing – and these can often contribute to why an employee leaves within their first month.
Also, an unrealistic workload, or bullying from the seasoned staff are also common reasons for employee departures around this time.
Employee left in the first 3 months
Are you thinking about how new employees should be trained, not just in their first few days, but as an ongoing process? New training needs often pop up within a couple of months on the job, and if those needs aren’t met, employees will start looking elsewhere because you “set them up to fail.”
And if someone leaves within three months, also take a look at their team relationships because a lack of team-building or cultural fit could also be culprits.
Employee left in the first 6 months
If an employee leaves after half a year, they likely aren’t seeing many incentives to stay at your company. What kind of incentives are you offering to make sure you’re keeping your talent?
Something else to reconsider is your communication approach. A lack of transparency (or a lack of good communication) can lead employees to leave around the 6-month mark because they feel disconnected, out of the loop, or micromanaged.
Also, are you offering feedback and appreciation for jobs well done? Many employees, after this amount of time, will be on the hunt for a workplace that appreciates them if they feel they aren’t getting enough recognition from you.
Employee left within 1-3 years
Employees get bored, and feeling stuck or in a rut is a huge part of why they leave after a couple of years. If they don’t see enough opportunity for advancement at your company, they’ll look elsewhere for the next stepping stone. Be sure you are talking about career development and advancement opportunities even if an official promotion doesn’t exist. It may be time to get creative, offering mentoring opportunities, more education, or ways to expand their network.
Employee left after 3+ years
Sometimes employees leaving after a few years is the result of poaching from other companies who make offers your talent can’t resist. But there are things you can do to prevent poachers from stealing away your talent, including reducing their workload to prevent burnout. (Also see everything above so you can continue building a better place to work.)
And if you’re offering bare minimum pay increases (like a 2-4% cost of living adjustment), don’t be surprised when employees realize they can make more elsewhere by job hopping every few years for a 5-15% increase.
And for everybody
Train your managers! The number one reason people choose to stay or go is their relationship with their manager/supervisor. If you train your leaders to be more effective in their roles, which include onboarding new hires, communicating across generations, and building trust with their staff, you will undoubtedly reduce employee turnover moving forward.
Cara Silletto, MBA, is a workforce thought leader, keynote speaker, and author of the 2018 book, Staying Power: Why Your Employees Leave & How to Keep Them Longer.